Brazil carbon emissions and environmental impact

Brazil air pollution

Brazil as an air pollution mortality rate of 29.9 per 100,000 population. The mean annual exposure of PM2.5 in Brazil is 12.7 mg/m³, endangering 68.1% of its population according to the World Health Organisation guidelines.

Brazil energy

The energy intensity level of primary energy in Brazil is 4.13 MJ/$2011 PPP GDP. 95.6% of Brazil population has access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking, and the renewable energy consumption represent 43.8% of the country's total energy consumption.

Electricity production breakdown:

  • Oil, gas and coal sources: 23.43%
  • Renewable sources, excluding hydroelectric: 12.12%
  • Renewable electricity output: 73.97%

Brazil territory

The territory of Brazil has a surface area of 8515770 km², 8358140 of which being land area. Forests represents 58.9% of the land with 4925540 km². Around 26.6% of territorial waters are protected marine areas.

Brazil adjusted savings

It is estimated that the adjusted net savings of Brazil are around $60,677,665,053 which represent 3.3% of the gross national income.

  • Carbon dioxide damages: $17,235,308,585 (0.94)%
  • Mineral depletion: $13,773,177,486 (0.75)%
  • Particulate emission damage: $2,864,842,290 (0.16)%
  • Energy depletion: $31,438,759,994 (1.72)%
  • Education expenditure: $111,937,944,570 (6.11)%

Brazil rents

The total resources rents of Brazil represent 4.64065% of its gross domestic product.

  • Oil rents: 2.07015% of GDP
  • Natural gas rents: 0.06139% of GDP
  • Mineral rents: 1.87804% of GDP
  • Forest rents: 0.62381% of GDP

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