Bulgaria carbon emissions and environmental impact

Bulgaria air pollution

Bulgaria as an air pollution mortality rate of 61.8 per 100,000 population. The mean annual exposure of PM2.5 in Bulgaria is 19.1 mg/m³, endangering 99.9% of its population according to the World Health Organisation guidelines.

Bulgaria energy

The energy intensity level of primary energy in Bulgaria is 6.38 MJ/$2011 PPP GDP. 88.7% of Bulgaria population has access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking, and the renewable energy consumption represent 17.7% of the country's total energy consumption.

Electricity production breakdown:

  • Oil, gas and coal sources: 50.40%
  • Renewable sources, excluding hydroelectric: 6.37%
  • Renewable electricity output: 17.99%

Bulgaria territory

The territory of Bulgaria has a surface area of 111000 km², 108560 of which being land area. Forests represents 35.4% of the land with 38402 km². Around 8.1% of territorial waters are protected marine areas.

Bulgaria adjusted savings

It is estimated that the adjusted net savings of Bulgaria are around $10,115,955,781 which represent 15.1% of the gross national income.

  • Carbon dioxide damages: $1,453,730,533 (2.18)%
  • Mineral depletion: $281,948,444 (0.42)%
  • Particulate emission damage: $156,341,232 (0.23)%
  • Energy depletion: $37,114,852 (0.06)%
  • Education expenditure: $2,582,091,404 (3.86)%

Bulgaria rents

The total resources rents of Bulgaria represent 0.91971% of its gross domestic product.

  • Oil rents: 0.01037% of GDP
  • Natural gas rents: 0.01247% of GDP
  • Mineral rents: 0.53455% of GDP
  • Forest rents: 0.22276% of GDP

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Airport IATA code City
Sofia SOF Sofia

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