Estonia carbon emissions and environmental impact

Estonia air pollution

Estonia as an air pollution mortality rate of 25.0 per 100,000 population. The mean annual exposure of PM2.5 in Estonia is 6.7 mg/m³, endangering 0.3% of its population according to the World Health Organisation guidelines.

Estonia energy

The energy intensity level of primary energy in Estonia is 6.32 MJ/$2011 PPP GDP. 92.9% of Estonia population has access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking, and the renewable energy consumption represent 27.5% of the country's total energy consumption.

Electricity production breakdown:

  • Oil, gas and coal sources: 7.15%
  • Renewable sources, excluding hydroelectric: 14.16%
  • Renewable electricity output: 14.42%

Estonia territory

The territory of Estonia has a surface area of 45340 km², 43470 of which being land area. Forests represents 51.3% of the land with 22316 km². Around 18.6% of territorial waters are protected marine areas.


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