Ghana carbon emissions and environmental impact

Ghana air pollution

Ghana as an air pollution mortality rate of 203.8 per 100,000 population. The mean annual exposure of PM2.5 in Ghana is 34.7 mg/m³, endangering 100.0% of its population according to the World Health Organisation guidelines.

Ghana energy

The energy intensity level of primary energy in Ghana is 3.75 MJ/$2011 PPP GDP. 21.7% of Ghana population has access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking, and the renewable energy consumption represent 41.4% of the country's total energy consumption.

Electricity production breakdown:

  • Oil, gas and coal sources: 38.85%
  • Renewable sources, excluding hydroelectric: 0.03%
  • Renewable electricity output: 50.89%

Ghana territory

The territory of Ghana has a surface area of 238540 km², 227540 of which being land area. Forests represents 41.2% of the land with 93654 km². Around 0.1% of territorial waters are protected marine areas.

Ghana adjusted savings

It is estimated that the adjusted net savings of Ghana are around $-5,400,108,982 which represent -8.4% of the gross national income.

  • Carbon dioxide damages: $688,115,764 (1.07)%
  • Mineral depletion: $3,244,636,153 (5.05)%
  • Particulate emission damage: $414,919,607 (0.65)%
  • Energy depletion: $2,680,737,508 (4.17)%
  • Education expenditure: $2,727,797,422 (4.24)%

Ghana rents

The total resources rents of Ghana represent 14.07913% of its gross domestic product.

  • Oil rents: 4.61871% of GDP
  • Natural gas rents: 0.29323% of GDP
  • Mineral rents: 5.65294% of GDP
  • Forest rents: 3.51424% of GDP

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