Kazakhstan carbon emissions and environmental impact

Kazakhstan air pollution

Kazakhstan as an air pollution mortality rate of 62.7 per 100,000 population. The mean annual exposure of PM2.5 in Kazakhstan is 13.8 mg/m³, endangering 87.4% of its population according to the World Health Organisation guidelines.

Kazakhstan energy

The energy intensity level of primary energy in Kazakhstan is 7.92 MJ/$2011 PPP GDP. 95.3% of Kazakhstan population has access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking, and the renewable energy consumption represent 1.6% of the country's total energy consumption.

Electricity production breakdown:

  • Oil, gas and coal sources: 91.13%
  • Renewable sources, excluding hydroelectric: 0.17%
  • Renewable electricity output: 8.87%

Kazakhstan territory

The territory of Kazakhstan has a surface area of 2724902 km², 2699700 of which being land area. Forests represents 1.2% of the land with 33090 km². Around 1.0% of territorial waters are protected marine areas.

Kazakhstan adjusted savings

It is estimated that the adjusted net savings of Kazakhstan are around $4,697,630,699 which represent 3.0% of the gross national income.

  • Carbon dioxide damages: $8,776,124,033 (5.58)%
  • Mineral depletion: $4,335,033,200 (2.76)%
  • Particulate emission damage: $216,115,435 (0.14)%
  • Energy depletion: $15,398,414,326 (9.79)%
  • Education expenditure: $4,709,127,715 (2.99)%

Kazakhstan rents

The total resources rents of Kazakhstan represent 22.39879% of its gross domestic product.

  • Oil rents: 15.56288% of GDP
  • Natural gas rents: 1.65953% of GDP
  • Mineral rents: 4.17798% of GDP
  • Forest rents: 0.00460% of GDP

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