North Macedonia carbon emissions and environmental impact

North Macedonia air pollution

North Macedonia as an air pollution mortality rate of 82.2 per 100,000 population. The mean annual exposure of PM2.5 in North Macedonia is 29.7 mg/m³, endangering 100.0% of its population according to the World Health Organisation guidelines.

North Macedonia energy

The energy intensity level of primary energy in North Macedonia is 4.23 MJ/$2011 PPP GDP. 65.6% of North Macedonia population has access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking, and the renewable energy consumption represent 24.2% of the country's total energy consumption.

Electricity production breakdown:

  • Oil, gas and coal sources: 64.06%
  • Renewable sources, excluding hydroelectric: 2.90%
  • Renewable electricity output: 35.94%

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