Pakistan carbon emissions and environmental impact

Pakistan air pollution

Pakistan as an air pollution mortality rate of 173.6 per 100,000 population. The mean annual exposure of PM2.5 in Pakistan is 58.3 mg/m³, endangering 100.0% of its population according to the World Health Organisation guidelines.

Pakistan energy

The energy intensity level of primary energy in Pakistan is 4.42 MJ/$2011 PPP GDP. 43.3% of Pakistan population has access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking, and the renewable energy consumption represent 46.5% of the country's total energy consumption.

Electricity production breakdown:

  • Oil, gas and coal sources: 63.09%
  • Renewable sources, excluding hydroelectric: 0.76%
  • Renewable electricity output: 31.43%

Pakistan territory

The territory of Pakistan has a surface area of 796100 km², 770880 of which being land area. Forests represents 1.9% of the land with 14290 km². Around 0.8% of territorial waters are protected marine areas.

Pakistan adjusted savings

It is estimated that the adjusted net savings of Pakistan are around $13,156,895,508 which represent 4.0% of the gross national income.

  • Carbon dioxide damages: $7,702,572,980 (2.32)%
  • Mineral depletion: $76,873,399 (0.02)%
  • Particulate emission damage: $2,616,020,811 (0.79)%
  • Energy depletion: $2,944,817,428 (0.89)%
  • Education expenditure: $6,717,499,947 (2.03)%

Pakistan rents

The total resources rents of Pakistan represent 1.30554% of its gross domestic product.

  • Oil rents: 0.47842% of GDP
  • Natural gas rents: 0.61319% of GDP
  • Mineral rents: 0.05060% of GDP
  • Forest rents: 0.10102% of GDP

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