Panama as an air pollution mortality rate of 25.8 per 100,000 population. The mean annual exposure of PM2.5 in Panama is 11.4 mg/m³, endangering 71.6% of its population according to the World Health Organisation guidelines.
The energy intensity level of primary energy in Panama is 2.17 MJ/$2011 PPP GDP. 89.0% of Panama population has access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking, and the renewable energy consumption represent 21.2% of the country's total energy consumption.
The territory of Panama has a surface area of 75420 km², 74340 of which being land area. Forests represents 61.9% of the land with 46006 km². Around 1.7% of territorial waters are protected marine areas.
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