Romania carbon emissions and environmental impact

Romania air pollution

Romania as an air pollution mortality rate of 59.3 per 100,000 population. The mean annual exposure of PM2.5 in Romania is 14.6 mg/m³, endangering 98.0% of its population according to the World Health Organisation guidelines.

Romania energy

The energy intensity level of primary energy in Romania is 3.52 MJ/$2011 PPP GDP. 85.9% of Romania population has access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking, and the renewable energy consumption represent 23.7% of the country's total energy consumption.

Electricity production breakdown:

  • Oil, gas and coal sources: 42.60%
  • Renewable sources, excluding hydroelectric: 14.52%
  • Renewable electricity output: 39.75%

Romania territory

The territory of Romania has a surface area of 238400 km², 230080 of which being land area. Forests represents 30.1% of the land with 69302 km². Around 23.1% of territorial waters are protected marine areas.

Romania adjusted savings

It is estimated that the adjusted net savings of Romania are around $670,011,937 which represent 0.3% of the gross national income.

  • Carbon dioxide damages: $2,416,254,947 (1.02)%
  • Mineral depletion: $43,372,985 (0.02)%
  • Particulate emission damage: $348,555,389 (0.15)%
  • Energy depletion: $1,518,701,601 (0.64)%
  • Education expenditure: $6,664,779,608 (2.81)%

Romania rents

The total resources rents of Romania represent 1.03613% of its gross domestic product.

  • Oil rents: 0.44354% of GDP
  • Natural gas rents: 0.37089% of GDP
  • Mineral rents: 0.02893% of GDP
  • Forest rents: 0.16076% of GDP

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