South Africa carbon emissions and environmental impact

South Africa air pollution

South Africa as an air pollution mortality rate of 86.7 per 100,000 population. The mean annual exposure of PM2.5 in South Africa is 25.1 mg/m³, endangering 100.0% of its population according to the World Health Organisation guidelines.

South Africa energy

The energy intensity level of primary energy in South Africa is 8.70 MJ/$2011 PPP GDP. 84.8% of South Africa population has access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking, and the renewable energy consumption represent 17.2% of the country's total energy consumption.

Electricity production breakdown:

  • Oil, gas and coal sources: 92.79%
  • Renewable sources, excluding hydroelectric: 1.93%
  • Renewable electricity output: 2.26%

South Africa territory

The territory of South Africa has a surface area of 1219090 km², 1213090 of which being land area. Forests represents 7.6% of the land with 92410 km². Around 12.1% of territorial waters are protected marine areas.

South Africa adjusted savings

It is estimated that the adjusted net savings of South Africa are around $-1,972,688,661 which represent -0.6% of the gross national income.

  • Carbon dioxide damages: $16,263,343,939 (4.56)%
  • Mineral depletion: $4,895,872,400 (1.37)%
  • Particulate emission damage: $1,106,135,946 (0.31)%
  • Energy depletion: $4,757,922,420 (1.33)%
  • Education expenditure: $21,560,654,875 (6.05)%

South Africa rents

The total resources rents of South Africa represent 5.16895% of its gross domestic product.

  • Oil rents: 0.00559% of GDP
  • Natural gas rents: 0.03144% of GDP
  • Mineral rents: 2.20383% of GDP
  • Forest rents: 0.52562% of GDP

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